Andrew, Our Patron Saint
"Saint Andrew, Patron Saint of Scotland, was one of the twelve Apostles, and one of the first who were called. He was a native of Bethsaida, a brother of Peter, and had been follower of John the Baptist. in the catalogue of the Apostles, Andrew ranks second in two places, and in two other places fourth...He appears always in this companionship as a man of influence, as when certain Greeks, for instance, wished for an interview with our Lord, Andrew was one of the two to whom applied.
...we trace him, as an Apostle, through Scythia, Thrace, Macedonian and Epirus, into Achaia, and into the city of Patra. In that land he suffered martyrdom, A.D. 70. He was first scourged, and then crucified on a cross shaped like and X, fastened to the cross with cords instead of nails, and so died lingering death of hunger and thirst.
A noble Christian woman had his body embalmed and interred honorably. Early in the fourth century, the Emperor Constantine removed the body to Byzantium, where it was buried in the Church of the Twelve Apostles; but in 368 a Greek monk, named Regulus, or Rule, carried the relics of the Saint from thence to Scotland, and there deposited them on the east coast of Fife, where he built a church, and where afterwards rose the famous city and cathedral of St. Andrew's. From the remotest time, Saint Andrew has, therefore, been the Patron Saint of Scotland.